Recovery programs are designed to help those who struggle with drug and alcohol dependence. Recovery programs are often based on behavioral models, with common modalities including cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational incentives, motivational interviewing and family therapy. Medication therapy and group counseling are also used during the recovery process, with some recovery programs based entirely on conventional counseling techniques.
Recovery programs are often based on behavioral therapy, a broad term used to describe various psychotherapies and behavioral analytical techniques. Behavioral therapy focuses on unhealthy behavioral patterns and their connection with thoughts and feelings. By recognizing the links between internal cognition and external behavior, therapists hope to teach patients how to avoid unhealthy impulsive and compulsive responses. Behavioral therapy includes three distinct disciplines: applied behavior analysis (ABA), cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), and social learning theory. CBT is a particular treatment modality that includes cognitive techniques and principles, with motivational therapies also used to engage intrinsic motivation and alter unhealthy behavior.
Medications are often used during detox to alleviate withdrawal symptoms and encourage long-term recovery. In certain cases, medications are prescribed on a long-term or indefinite basis under the context of dose reduction or harm reduction. Opioid replacement therapy is the best known example of medication therapy, with methadone and buprenorphine given to long-term addicts to reduce cravings for dangerous illicit drugs and improve quality of life. While some experts have criticized opioid replacement therapy for enabling secondary addictions, this form of therapy has proved highly useful as a method of harm reduction. Benzodiazepine addicts and alcoholics may also be prescribed drugs on a long-term basis, with long half-life benzodiazepines sometimes substituted for short half-life drugs as a method of dose reduction.
Most drug treatment and aftercare regimes are based on conventional counseling. with traditional 12-step approaches offered alongside psychological and cognitive therapies. Counselors help people to identify problematic behaviors and find practical solutions capable of changing this behavior. Recovering addicts are taught how to identify high risk situations, avoid triggers and develop coping strategies to use in difficult times. One approach uses a sober coach to support and encourage healthy behavior, with other approaches working with supportive community and family groups. Conventional 12-step programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) are very useful in this context, because they offer ongoing guidance through a rigid and well established network. 12-step groups have evolved beyond alcohol treatment in recent years, with groups now including Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Cocaine Anonymous (CA), Crystal Meth Anonymous, Marijuana Anonymous, Benzodiazepine Anonymous and many more.
Art therapy is useful in the context of drug rehabilitation, with therapists working with patients to create art as a therapeutic act. Art therapy and art psychotherapy employ the transference process between therapists and patients, with recovering addicts taught to create art as a method of communication. According to the American Art Therapy Association, this form of therapy involves the therapeutic act of making art in order to increase awareness, develop coping mechanisms, enhance coping abilities and enjoy life-affirming pleasures. Art therapy is one example of the new and novel programs available through Drug Treatment Centers Delray Beach, with other examples including music therapy, biofeedback, restorative yoga, general spirituality, mindfulness, SMART recovery and moral reconation therapy.